History of Indian Museum
Hello Guest, Welcome to ( Kolkata Museum History ) Indian National Museum Kolkata. Oldest and largest Museum in India. Today I enplane you Indian museum experience. In this article you are find why Indian Museum was established ? And aim and objective goal purpose of Indian museum at Kolkata . So, This I also help you Indian Museum Kolkata case study and make a good essay on Indian Museum. So, lets explain A brief History of Indian Museum Kolkata.
INDIAN MUSEUM INTRODUCTION
History of Indian Museum Meanwhile, in other parts of India the idea of museum sprang up. In 1819 efforts were made to establish a museum in Madras but it took a longtime to materialize it on a sound basis. A few years later, the pathology museum of Grand Medical College, Bombay, the first medical museum in Asia was opened. It was not until 1863 that museums were also established in Lucknow and Nagpur. Afterwards, other museums were born gradually at Bangalore-1965, Faridabad-1867, Raipur-1875, Jaipur-1887, Rajkot-1888, Pune-1890, Baroda-1894, Trichinopoly-1895. In the 20th century when Lord Curzon was the viceroy, there was an outburst of activity for establishing archaeological museums all over the country. Museums were also established at Baripat-1903, Sarnath-1904, Agra-1906, Jodhpur-1909, Delhi Fort -1990, New Delhi-1949, Calcutta Ashutosh Museum -1937. In India, there are about 120 museums at present. Indian Museum at Kolkata.
INDIAN MUSEUM MAKING HISTORY
Making Indian Museum at this stage certainly demonstrates a larger amount of emphasi & on zoology, natural history and economic products. In addition the museum policy aimed primarily at the creation of a genuinely academic body that was expected to serve the institution’s educational objectives. Even though Sir Asutosh Mukherjee in his centenary address of 1914 complained of the museum’s failure to emerge as a social educator the early emphasis on affording students greater opportunities for studying the zoological specimens demonstrates the academic orientation of men like John Anderson. Anderson’s report of the museum’s activities for the year 1882-83 records how he restricted the entry of the general visitors to the museum on certain specific dates of the week to create an appropriate environment which the students would find it easier ‘to study quietly and uninterruptedly.’
This decision was taken despite a steady increase in the number of visitors, reaching a fairly high figure of a little less than three hundred thousand during the year. For such men the museum was neither a curiosity shop nor merely a spectacle.
DEEPEST LEVEL HISTORY OF INDIAN MUSEUM
In the 20th century when Lord Curzon was the viceroy, there was an outburst of activity for establishing archaeological museums all over the country. Importance of Museum: The importance of a museum are mainly educational and cultural and not merely housing collections of curious objects just as the old Hindi word “Ajayabghar” might suggest. Thus the importances of a museum is twofold. 1) A place of work for the scholars 2) A place of instruction for the general public The museum is a veritable treasure house for everybody who think beyond the everyday matters of human life. The expenditure of the world stored up there, no thoughtful person should leave its door without gaining something from a visit.
At its deepest level a museum may be a collective memory bank of human achievement through a set of objects. The museum’s function can therefore be seen at its basic level as ensuring the objects that associates with human life. After that follows the activity of presenting the objects to the people so that human consciousness continues to incorporate these achievements in its activities. Museum officials execute innumerable actions to achieve these goals.
ROLE OF INDIAN MUSEUM HISTORY
India Museums have a significant role to play in preserving the anthropological record. Anthropology began in museums and museums continued to be intimately associated with the discipline. In modern society it’s become necessary and indeed urgent for museums to redefine
their missions, goals, functions and methods to reflect the expectations of a changing world. Today museums must become power of innovate and development. They must mirror events in society. The museums must become institutions that can foster peace.
Museums must be promote the exhibitions that are topical and challenging. they need to broaden their scope and not restrict themselves solely to things and materials in their collections. during a changing world, museums became vital institutions that are respected and valued. Anthropology can build on the wealth of anthropological materials that exist in the nation’s museums.
INDIAN MUSEUM KOLKATA ESTABLISH INFORMATION
Hindi term for Museum is Ajayabghar( wonder house) or Jadughar (Magic house) and now it is known as Sangrahalaya. The first museum collection in India started in 1796. The Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta founded in 1784 decided to house and exhibit whatever it had accumulated. In 1814, the society was able to establish a proper museum and since then it was known as Indian museum. The Kolkata museum was divided into two sections.
1) Archaeology , Ethnology and Technology
2) Geology and Zoology
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